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A Family-Based Study of Inherited Genetic Risk in Lipedema

Resource type
A Family-Based Study of Inherited Genetic Risk in Lipedema
Background: Lipedema is a progressive condition involving excessive deposition of subcutaneous adipose tissue, predominantly in the lower limbs, which severely compromises quality of life. Despite the impact of lipedema, its molecular and genetic bases are poorly understood, making diagnosis and treatment difficult. Historical evaluation of individuals with lipedema indicates a positive family history in 60%-80% of cases; however, genetic investigation of larger family cohorts is required. Here, we report the largest family-based sequencing study to date, aimed at identifying genetic changes that contribute to lipedema. Methods and Results: DNA samples from 31 individuals from 9 lipedema families were analyzed to reveal genetic variants predicted to alter protein function, yielding candidate variants in 469 genes. We did not identify any individual genes that contained likely disease-causing variants across all participating families. However, gene ontology analysis highlighted vasopressin receptor activity, microfibril binding, and patched binding as statistically significantly overrepresented categories for the set of candidate variants. Conclusions: Our study suggests that lipedema is not caused by a single exomic genetic factor, providing support for the hypothesis of genetic heterogeneity in the etiology of lipedema. As the largest study of its kind in the lipedema field, the results advance our understanding of the disease and provide a roadmap for future research aimed at improving the lives of those affected by lipedema.
Lymphatic Research and Biology
Journal Abbr
Lymphat Res Biol
Library Catalog
Morgan, S., Reid, I., Bendon, C., Ishaq, M., Shayan, R., Pope, B., Park, D., & Karnezis, T. (2024). A Family-Based Study of Inherited Genetic Risk in Lipedema. Lymphatic Research and Biology. https://doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2023.0065